Causes Of Glaucoma
It is the result of high fluid pressure inside the eye. This happens when the liquid in the front part of the eye doesn't circulate the way it should.
Normally, a fluid called aqueous humor, flows out of the eye through a mesh-like channel. If this channel gets blocked, the liquid builds up. That’s what causes glaucoma.
Less common causes include a blunt or chemical injury in the eye, severe eye infection, blocked and constricted blood vessels inside the eye and various inflammatory conditions. It mostly affects both the eyes, but it may be worse in one than the other.
Who is affected by Glaucoma?
- 40 years of age and above
- Family history of glaucoma
- Having poor and blurred vision
- Suffering from diabetes
- Intake of certain steroid medicines
- Trauma to the eyes
Symptoms of Glaucoma
The following are the symptoms of glaucoma:
- Seeing halos around lights
- Vision loss
- Redness in the eye
- Eye that looks hazy
- Nausea and vomiting
- Severe eye pain
- Narrowed vision
How is Glaucoma treated?
There are three ways to treat glaucoma. They are:
Eye drops- These either reduce the formation of fluid in the eye or increase its outflow. Side effects may include allergies, redness, stinging, blurred vision, and irritated eyes. Some glaucoma drugs may affect your heart and lungs.
Laser surgery- This procedure can slightly increase the flow of the fluid from the eye for people with open-angle glaucoma. It can stop fluid blockage if you have angle-closure glaucoma.
Microsurgery- In a procedure called a trabeculectomy, the doctor creates a new channel to drain the fluid and ease eye pressure.
Amrit Hospital, Chennai is the leading eye care center in India. They provide the best treatment using the latest equipment’s at affordable rates.
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